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Making requests with clojure clients

clj-http-client allows you to make requests in two ways with clojure clients: with and without a persistent HTTP client.

create-client

clj-http-client allows you to create a persistent synchronous or asynchronous HTTP client using the create-client function from the corresponding namespace.

The create-client function takes one argument, a map called options. The available options for configuring the client are detailed below.

Base Options

The following are the base set of options supported by the create-client functions.

  • :force-redirects: used to set whether or not the client should follow redirects on POST or PUT requests. Defaults to false.
  • :follow-redirects: used to set whether or not the client should follow redirects in general. Defaults to true. If set to false, will override the :force-redirects setting.
  • :connect-timeout-milliseconds: maximum number of milliseconds that the client will wait for a connection to be established. A value of 0 is interpreted as infinite. A negative value for or the absence of this option is interpreted as undefined (system default).
  • :socket-timeout-milliseconds: maximum number of milliseconds that the client will allow for no data to be available on the socket before closing the underlying connection, 'SO_TIMEOUT' in socket terms. A timeout of zero is interpreted as an infinite timeout. A negative value for or the absence of this setting is interpreted as undefined (system default).
  • :ssl-protocols: an array used to set the list of SSL protocols that the client could select from when talking to the server. Defaults to 'TLSv1', 'TLSv1.1', and 'TLSv1.2'.
  • :cipher-suites: an array used to set the cipher suites that the client could select from when talking to the server. Defaults to the complete set of suites supported by the underlying language runtime.
  • :metric-registry: a Dropwizard MetricRegistry to register http metrics to. If provided, metrics will automatically be registered for all requests made by the client. See the metrics documentation for more info.
  • :server-id: a string for the name of the server the request is being made from. If specified, used in the namespace for metrics: puppetlabs.<server-id>.http-client.experimental.
  • :metric-prefix: a string for the prefix for metrics. If specified, metric namespace is <metric-prefix>.http-client.experimental. If both metric-prefix and server-id are specified, metric-prefix takes precendence.

SSL Options

The following options are SSL specific, and only one of the following combinations is permitted.

OR

  • :ssl-cert: path to a PEM file containing the client cert
  • :ssl-key: path to a PEM file containing the client private key
  • :ssl-ca-cert: path to a PEM file containing the CA cert

OR

  • :ssl-ca-cert: path to a PEM file containing the CA cert

Making requests with a persistent client

The create-client functions return a client with the following protocol:

(defprotocol HTTPClient
  (get [this url] [this url opts])
  (head [this url] [this url opts])
  (post [this url] [this url opts])
  (put [this url] [this url opts])
  (delete [this url] [this url opts])
  (trace [this url] [this url opts])
  (options [this url] [this url opts])
  (patch [this url] [this url opts])
  (close [this]))

Each function will execute the corresponding HTTP request, with the exception of close, which will close the client.

Each request function takes one argument, url, which is the URL against which you want to make your HTTP request. Each request function also has a two-arity version with an extra parameter, options, which is a map containing options for the HTTP request. These options are as follows:

  • :headers: optional; a map of headers. By default an 'accept-language' header with a value of puppetlabs.core.i18n/user-locale will be added to the request.
  • :body: optional; may be a String or any type supported by clojure's reader
  • :compress-request-body: optional; used to control any additional compression which the client can apply to the request body before it is sent to the target server. Defaults to :none. Supported values are:
    • :gzip which will compress the request body as gzip
    • :none which will not apply any additional compression to the request body
  • :decompress-body: optional; if true, an 'accept-encoding' header with a value of 'gzip, deflate' will be added to the request, and the response will be automatically decompressed if it contains a recognized 'content-encoding' header. Defaults to true.
  • :as: optional; used to control the data type of the response body. Defaults to :stream. Supported values are:
  • :text which will return a String
  • :stream which will return an InputStream
  • :unbuffered-stream which is a variant of :stream that will buffer as little data as possible
  • :query-params: optional; used to set the query parameters of an http request. This should be a map, where each key and each value is a String.
  • :metric-id: optional; a vector of keywords or strings. A metric will be created for each element in the vector, with each appending to the previous.

For example, say you want to make a GET request with query parameter abc with value def to the URL http://localhost:8080/test. If you wanted to use a persistent synchronous client, you could make the request and print the body of the response like so:

(let [client   (sync/create-client {})
      response (get client "http://localhost:8080/test" {:query-params {"abc" "def"}})]
  (println (:body response))

If you wanted to use an asynchronous client, you could make the request and print the body of the response like so:

(let [client   (async/create-client {})
      response (get client "http://localhost:8080/test" {:query-params {"abc" "def"}})]
  (println (:body @response)))

Closing a persistent client

The close function takes no arguments. This function closes the client, and causes all resources associated with it to be cleaned up. This function must be called by the caller when they are done making requests with the client, as no implicit cleanup of the associated resources is done when the client is garbage collected. Once a client is closed, it can no longer be used to make any requests.

Making a Request without a persistent client

In addition to allowing you to create a persistent client with the create-client function, the puppetlabs.http.client.sync namespace provides the following simple request functions that can be called without a client:

(get [url] [url opts])
(head [url] [url opts])
(post [url] [url opts])
(put [url] [url opts])
(delete [url] [url opts])
(trace [url] [url opts])
(options [url] [url opts])
(patch [url] [url opts])
(request [req])

These functions will, for every request, create a new client, make a new request with that client, and then close the client once the response is received. Each of these functions (barring request) take one argument, url, which is the URL to which you want to make the request, and can optionally take a second argument, options. options is a map of options to configure both the client and the request, and as such takes the union of all options accepted by the create-client function and all options accepted by the request functions for a persistent client.

For example, say you want to make a GET request to the URL http://localhost:8080/test with query parameter abc with value def, and you do not want redirects to be followed. In that case, you could do the following to make the request and print the body of the response:

(let [response (get "http://localhost:8080/test" {:follow-redirects false
                                                  :query-params {"abc" "def"}})]
  (println (:body response)))

A request function is also provided, which allows you to make a request of any type. request takes one argument, req, which is a map of options. It takes the same options as the simple request functions, but also takes the following required options:

  • :url: the URL against which to make the request. This should be a string.
  • :method: the HTTP method (:get, :head, :post, :put, :delete, :trace, :options, :patch)